Airbnb, Inc. (ABNB), with a market cap of $87.14 billion, is a prominent online hospitality platform that facilitates home and room rentals for travelers. However, 2023 proved to be a challenging year for the enterprise, as it faced stumbling blocks from social media backlash to fierce competition and regulatory obstruction.
The year started with the so-called "Airbnbust" chaos in March, wherein disgruntled hosts aired grievances on X (formerly Twitter) concerning diminishing returns and fears of a short-term rental market bubble.
Adding salt to the wound, rival company Vrbo preceded ABNB in introducing a much-sought-after loyalty program feature, thereby gaining a competitive edge.
Furthermore, the home-sharing giant faced regulatory hurdles in September when New York City severely tightened its regulations on short-term rentals, reducing ABNB’s occupancy in a market that historically constituted about 80% of its operations.
The Recent Bans on Airbnb
New York City has enacted a new law mandating short-term rental hosts to register with the city. This limits rentals to properties where the host resides and is present during the guest's tenure, further restricting the number of guests to a maximum of two per listing. ABNB has called this a “de facto ban” on its business, prompting a lawsuit against the city; however, the judiciary dismissed this claim.
This restriction is not exclusive to New York City. Other global cities also impose restrictions on ABNB, citing concerns over the platform’s effect on the housing market, residents' quality of life, and the safety of guests and hosts.
For instance, in Dallas, where short-term rentals are restricted to designated neighborhoods, a 10 p.m. curfew is implemented to forestall troubling and potentially hazardous parties, and the city further necessitates hosts to procure a permit and pay a fee for each listing.
San Francisco has set a cap on the days a host can rent out their entire residence through short-term leasing - a maximum of 90 days per year. Hosts must register with the city and remit a tax on the income generated from these short-term rentals.
In Amsterdam, restrictions include a cap on the number of nights for rental at 30 nights a year. Additional restrictions prevent short-term rentals in certain precincts, with fines imposed for violations.
Paris provides another case, setting a limit on annual rental days at 120 days and requiring hosts to register with the city and prominently display their registration number on their listings. Paris has embarked on a rigorous crackdown on illegal short-term rentals, deploying inspectors to conduct apartment raids, resulting in substantial penalties for non-compliance.
The Repercussions of the Bans
The restrictions imposed in New York City and other regions could potentially deal a significant blow to the home-sharing company, affecting the core elements of its business structure, including revenue, growth, reputation, and stakeholder relations.
The ban is anticipated to decrease the number of listings, bookings, and users ABNB can accommodate in the impacted areas, particularly New York City, one of the company's biggest and most lucrative markets. This could reduce the company's revenue stream and market share, diminishing its valuation and hindering growth opportunities.
Trust and loyalty from hosts and guests alike may take a hit as members of the ABNB community face disappointment due to restrictions or ensuing legal disputes. Hosts may lose income or be penalized for rule infringements, while some guests may experience scarcity in desirable or reasonably priced accommodation options. This could negatively affect ABNB by reducing consumer satisfaction and tarnishing its brand image and reputation.
Moreover, the ban amplifies ABNB’s regulatory and legal risks and costs. It could face additional challenges or lawsuits from authorized bodies or industry competitors in various jurisdictions. The need to lobby for policy alterations, negotiations with regulators, or adaptations to its business model and operations to adhere to existing or future regulations could significantly magnify ABNB's expenditure of resources and efforts.
Such changes could adversely impact the company's profitability, sustainability, innovation capacity, and competitiveness. Shareholders may lose confidence in the company’s ability to thrive in the face of regulatory challenges and legal disputes.
However, every cloud carries a silver lining. The ban could provide ABNB an avenue to diversify its offerings and markets. It may find this an opportune moment to increase its presence in less-regulated sectors or regions more accommodating to its platform. By leveraging its strong brand image, faithful customer base, diverse portfolio, and resilient business model, the company could successfully adapt to evolving travel trends and legislative measures.
This adaptability could assist ABNB in preserving or augmenting its unique value proposition and points of differentiation. It could potentially bolster growth and solidify its preeminence within the industry.
Despite the complexity of the situation, it is vital to point out a few other potential areas of optimism. Here are some additional impactful factors that could steer ABNB’s course in the upcoming months:
ABNB’s revenue for the fiscal second quarter that ended June 30, 2023, increased 18.1% year-over-year to $2.48 billion. Its income from operations rose 41.7% year-over-year to $523 million.
Additionally, the company’s net income and net income per share increased 71.5% and 75% year-over-year to $650 million and $0.98, respectively. Also, its adjusted EBITDA increased 15.2% year-over-year to $819 million.
ABNB’s forward EV/Sales and Price/Sales of 8.08x and 8.90x are 608.2% and 945.1% higher than the industry averages of 1.14x and 0.85x, respectively. Moreover, its forward non-GAAP P/E multiple of 34.54 is 142.9% higher than the industry average of 14.22.
Growing Institutional Ownership
ABNB’s robust financial health and fundamental solidity make it an appealing investment opportunity for institutional investors. Notably, several institutions have recently modified their ABNB stock holdings.
Institutions hold roughly 67.5% of ABNB shares. Of the 1,139 institutional holders, 517 have increased their positions in the stock. Moreover, 111 institutions have taken new positions (3,766,197 shares).
Insider Trading Activities
There are growing apprehensions due to an increasing trend of insider selling during the past year. On September 27, Nathan Blecharczyk, the company’s Chief Strategy Officer, disposed of 40,000 shares without executing any purchases over the past year.
On September 25, 2023, Aristotle Balogh, ABNB’s CTO, sold 2,750 shares of the company. Over the past year, Balogh has sold a total of 149,750 shares and has not purchased any shares.
Furthermore, on September 12, 2023, Brian Chesky, CEO and Chairman, sold 150,000 company shares. This is part of a series of such transactions over the course of the past year, where Chesky sold a total of 270,000 shares.
Optimistic Analyst Estimates
Analysts expect ABNB’s revenue and EPS for the quarter ending September 2023 to increase 17% and 16.6% year-over-year to $3.36 billion and $2.09, respectively. It surpassed the consensus revenue and EPS estimates in each of the trailing four quarters.
Shares of ABNB have gained 30% over the past year and 2.8% over the past month to close its last trading session at $136.56. The stock is presently trading below its 50-day moving average of $138.06 but above its 100-day moving average of $130.26.
Wall Street analysts expect the stock to reach $150.16 in the next 12 months, indicating a potential upside of 10%. The price target ranges from a low of $105 to a high of $185.
A permanent or irreversible ban could significantly impact ABNB, necessitating the closure or termination of its primary operations within the affected regions. This could entail considerable losses for shareholders or require significant write-offs on their investments, potentially prompting them to sell shares at a reduced rate or disengage from the company entirely.
Furthermore, it is crucial to highlight that though insider selling can provide hints to investors, it does not definitively denote a pessimistic future for the company.
However, considering the encompassing circumstances and ABNB's inflated valuation, it could be wise to wait for a better entry point in the stock.